The Vedas are written within the context of the ancient
Indo-European culture and so the concept of God-King has already arisen. Yet the wisdom
expressed in the following lines suggests a laconic awaremess of a deeper, more fluid mode
of thinking, which already, 4000 years ago, the writer takes care to guard from the
censure of the divine king mentality:
really knows, who could here proclaim whence this creation flows, where its origin? With
this great surge the Gods made their appearance. Who therefore knows from where it did
This flow of creation, from where it did arise, whether it
was ordered or not, He, the Observer in the highest heaven, He alone knows, unless...He
knows it not."
That is to say, the whole conceptual framework of god
(or goddess, I might add) is secondary, and such terminology is not proper to the
discussion of the Principle upon which the laws of nature depend.
In addition, the concept of the observer, in principle, is
ambiguous. The Rishi touches on the paradox that the concept of unconditioned, principial
unity is the product of the human mind, but mind itself is conditioned, dualistic, and
incapable of ever understanding its own source, by definition.